The Chicago Journal

International Investments from US Companies have grown Substantially Over the Last 40 Years

It is interesting to look at how U.S. businesses have managed the internalization of our planet for 40 years. Why? Because it shows that many of them chose to invest abroad in a substantial to grow and thrive. The proof is that between 1982 and 2022, U.S. companies’ direct investments went from $580 billion to $6.4 trillion. How can companies establish themselves in other countries, and why do they make that decision? Here is the explanation.

Ways in Which American Companies Can Establish Themselves Abroad

It was easier for American companies to grow or survive these last four decades if they had not invested abroad. That is because the world went in a completely new direction during that time, where it seemed as if all countries could collaborate to create and share the wealth produced around the world. Now that we went through the closure of frontiers during the pandemic and that a war is raging in Ukraine, dividing the world into two camps, this dynamic will likely change. But as it was still going on, there were many ways for American businesses to establish themselves abroad, and they took advantage of each.

These investments involve a long legal process in which a lot of documentation requires to be exchanged between the parties involved and the authorities of the countries where the investment will be made. These documents must often be certified or legalized to be recognized in a foreign country. Chicago companies use firms that are specialized in apostille services in Illinois for all their certification needs. Once they have everything sorted out, they can focus on the task at hand, which can take the form of direct investment, licensing, franchising or its simplest form, exporting. Another road they may take is to enter a strategic alliance with companies already based in foreign lands. The choice often depends on the company’s goals, resources, and risk tolerance.

Reasons Why Companies Invested Abroad During the Last Four Decades

Foreign direct investment by American companies grew ten times in only forty years. That indicates how important the movement was here in the U.S. and worldwide. The main region where our businesses invested is Europe, as more than 60 % of the $6.4 trillion found its way to our Western world partners. Only four countries were on the list for over half of these investments. But why were these investments made?

Tax Breaks

In a competitive world, saving money whenever possible is more important than ever to reinvest it inside the business. Companies making a physical investment abroad could reduce their tax burden by taking advantage of the foreign tax credit offered by the U.S. tax code and the lower tax rates in some of these foreign countries. This was often the main reason which led companies to invest abroad.

Access to Foreign Markets

Investing abroad allows American companies to establish a physical presence in these countries. Setting up local operations, such as subsidiaries or joint ventures, helps them better understand local market requirements and enables them to respond to people’s needs more efficiently. By building relationships with local partners and customers, they can tailor their products or services in a way they previously could not. This helps them gain a competitive advantage over competitors with no local presence.

Lower Labor and Manufacturing Costs

When U.S. companies invest abroad, they can lower labor and manufacturing costs. That is because foreign countries often offer lower salaries to their citizens and provide access to cheaper raw materials. This is how U.S. companies can produce goods at a lower cost, which translates into higher profits and lower consumer prices.

Additionally, investing abroad can help American companies overcome trade barriers and restrictions that might be in place. This allows them to access markets that may have been difficult or impossible to penetrate otherwise. All these benefits come together to explain why American companies’ direct investment abroad grew exponentially between 1982 and 2022.

William Brown: The Rise of a Dubai Entrepreneur’s Remarkable Transformation from Musician to Building Multi-Million Dollar Empires

Dubai Entrepreneur, William Brown, is an accomplished entrepreneur and visionary who has built a diverse portfolio of successful ventures, showcasing his high level of business acumen and ability to identify lucrative opportunities. From his humble beginnings as a skateboarder capturing and selling footage of daring stunts, William established a network within the skateboarding community, laying the foundation for his entrepreneurial journey.

Today, in his e-learning business, a trading education company, William leads a team of 16 dedicated staff members spread across five countries, serving a global clientele that generates an impressive $800,000 in monthly revenue. In recognition of his exceptional achievements, William recently received the prestigious ‘Two Comma Club X’ award, celebrating his remarkable accomplishment of generating $10,000,000 in revenue over the past five years, all by the age of 32.

His latest venture, Systemise & Scale, pivots on his extensive experience in scaling businesses and focuses on assisting online education entrepreneurs growing their enterprises to multiple seven and eight-figure income levels.

However, the road to success was not always smooth. William faced a range of challenges, from hiring the right team to crafting world-class products, even removing himself from operations and making the daunting move from England to Dubai. Yet each obstacle became a stepping stone, pushing him closer to his goals.

In his late teens, William’s passion for street art and graffiti led him to create a graffiti magazine, which attracted global paint brands as advertisers and garnered shelf space in art stores. From there, and eager to explore new avenues, William ventured into the world of music, producing tracks under the alias, Compa.

Quickly gaining recognition, he secured a deal with the esteemed Deep Medi label and embarking on a globetrotting journey, performing in over 40 countries and releasing records on renowned electronic music labels. Alongside his music career, William developed and sold his own merchandise and sample packs, generating a six-figure income.

After realizing the importance of diversification and long-term financial stability, William turned his attention to real estate investment. Starting with small properties in the North of England, he gradually expanded his portfolio to include larger houses and off-plan city center apartments. Collaborating with a property management company allowed him to streamline operations and scale his real estate business, which now boasts an impressive seven-figure valuation.

On a constant quest to achieve more, William Brown discovered a talent for trading financial markets, leveraging his expertise to create his own successful trading strategies. Little did he know, this skill set would go on to become the foundation for his e-learning business. With an eight-figure earning capacity, it stands as a testament to William’s ability to monetize his knowledge and empower others.

Now, in his early thirties, the Dubai entrepreneur is focused on sharing his wisdom and experiences with fellow entrepreneurs, guiding them in navigating the daunting path of scaling a business. He also launched the Ten Mil Mastermind, in partnership with David Draey, the former head of sales at Sam Oven’s renowned William plans to further equip online education business founders with the necessary tools for success, stating, “Stop playing on hard-mode unnecessarily. Find someone above you, and pay them to pull you up to that level. Also, never settle for less than your dream outcome.”

Summer break: 5 things working people should try

Summer Working folks must take a summer vacation to recharge their batteries and keep their general health in check.

It helps you to relax and refresh while escaping the daily grind.

Taking some time off can help you decrease stress, boost productivity, and improve your mental health.

During their summer vacation, working individuals can engage in the following activities:

  • Explore a new beach destination
  • Embark on a hiking or camping trip in the mountains
  • Indulge in a staycation and enjoy local attractions
  • Immerse in a cultural city tour
  • Spend quality time with loved ones in outdoor picnics and barbecues

Read also: Anxiety can come from the heart, a mice study found

A new beach destination

Exploring a new beach location is an excellent way for working people to relax and enjoy the summer mood.

A tranquil and pleasant mood is created by the brilliant light, calm wind, and repetitive sound of crashing waves.

A new beach destination, whether a tropical island, a hidden coastal treasure, or a huge seaside town, provides the opportunity to relax on sandy beaches, take invigorating ocean dives, and soak up the sun.

Adults may participate in aquatic activities including swimming, snorkeling, and even exhilarating water sports like surfing or jet skiing.

Beach vacations also allow you to eat excellent seafood, see gorgeous sunsets, and simply relax in the middle of nature’s majesty.

An outdoor adventure

Hiking or camping in the mountains is a fun way to spend a working person’s summer vacation.

The thick flora, lovely blue skies, and beautiful surroundings create a pleasant and serene atmosphere.

Exploring mountain routes allows people to mingle with nature, breathe fresh mountain air, and marvel at the beauty of alpine scenery.

Hiking tests both the body and the mind while also providing a sense of accomplishment and refreshment.

Camping beneath the stars adds to the experience by enabling you to relax over a good campfire, share stories with friends or loved ones, and get away from the rush and bustle of city life.

Summer in the mountains is a great time for contemplation and relaxation.

Stay in with some luxury

Working people may get into the summer spirit without traveling far by taking a staycation and visiting local landmarks.

People may explore and enjoy their hometowns in fresh ways thanks to staycations.

By visiting local museums, art galleries, and historical places, they may learn about their community’s rich culture and history.

Summer holidays are made more enjoyable by participating in outdoor activities such as visiting parks and botanical gardens or attending local festivals and events.

Furthermore, staycations allow you to indulge in spa treatments, dine at exceptional local restaurants, or simply unwind by the pool of a neighboring hotel.

Adults may relax and refresh by uncovering hidden gems and admiring the beauty of their surroundings.

Enjoy the culture

Working people might enjoy their summer holidays by immersing themselves in a cultural city tour.

People may immerse themselves in the rich fabric of art, history, and diverse cultures by exploring lively cities.

They may see famous artworks, historical treasures, and architectural marvels by visiting renowned locations, museums, and art galleries.

Taking guided tours or wandering around crowded marketplaces and neighborhoods gives you a glimpse into the local way of life. Tasting ethnic dishes, seeing live performances, and participating in cultural activities all add to the whole experience.

Adults may enrich their ideas, spark their creativity, and create memorable memories by immersing themselves in a city’s cultural past against the vivid backdrop of midsummer urban life.

Good old-fashioned backyard getaway

Working folks might spend their short summer vacation time at outdoor picnics and barbecues with family and friends.

Gathering family and friends in gorgeous outdoor locations provides opportunities for connection, pleasure, and the creation of lasting memories.

Taking a picnic to a local park or beach allows you to rest on blankets, participate in outdoor activities, and enjoy delectable prepared foods.

Adults may create delectable meals while sitting in the sun over a grill, adding a gourmet touch to the experience.

Shared experiences and talks in nature strengthen bonds and create lasting memories, making it the ideal way to enjoy the delights of summer and the company of loved ones.


Finally, employees should consider taking a summer vacation.

Even if only for a few days, these retreats provide much-needed time to rest, refuel, and prioritize self-care.

Adults may take advantage of summer vacation to get away from work, enjoy the spirit of the season, and try new things.

Exploring new beach regions, mountain trips, staying at home, taking cultural city tours, or going on outdoor picnics with loved ones all enrich their lives, decrease stress, and promote general well-being.

So, let the summer heat motivate you to take a vacation, replenish your batteries, and thoroughly enjoy this wonderful season. It will improve your mental, emotional, and physical health.

Horror and blaxploitation, a divisive chapter in the genre

Blaxploitation — In the last article, we examined the first forms of Black horror, which gave rise to blaxploitation, a cinema subgenre with a complicated history in popular culture. Sweet Sweetback’s Baadassss Song is one of the early examples of blaxploitation, which quickly moved into the horror genre with films like Blacula.

In addition to studying blaxploitation, Blacula altered how vampires, particularly Dracula, were represented. Bela Lugosi influenced later vampire portrayals, while William Marshall elevated vampire lords to innovative levels.

The majority of actors who performed the character in Bela Lugosi’s style did it in an absurdly rigid manner, but Marshall established himself with Blacula. He gave a sophisticated, powerful, and eloquent impression of African-Americans. Blacula’s commercial success opened the door for blaxploitation in movies like Blackenstein, Abby, Sugar Hill, and Bones.

Other blaxploitation films

The popularity of Blacula inspired a wave of new Black horror movies, enabling creators to offer moviegoers something distinctive while dispelling stereotypes about African Americans. Others were completely original ideas, while some were remakes of well-known horror movies using African American actors.

For instance, Abby and Sugar Hill offered a novel viewpoint on how women were interested in Black horror. 

Abby monitored The Exorcist’s production to determine how it affected the movie’s promotion. The movie had to be pulled from cinemas by American International Pictures at the request of Warner Bros. because of similarities to the Linda Blair-starring picture. Nevertheless, it continues to be well-known since it portrayed women as emancipated and gave them the ability to choose their own sexual orientation. Abby also represented the feminine defiance of the obligatory obligations of the religious bride. 

On the other side, Sugar Hill combined a vengeance plot with a classic voodoo idea. Diana “Sugar” Hill’s rise to popularity was sparked by the “vengeful woman” storyline. The perception of African American women as strong in the horror and entertainment industries was revolutionized by her actions.

More than just a picture

Dr. Black, Mr. Hyde, another blaxploitation-era Black horror movie, raised issues about the history of slavery and made references to the Tuskegee syphilis experiments. To better comprehend the effects of the illness, nearly 400 African American males with syphilis were researched for five decades. The study’s goal was kept a secret from the guys.

Additionally, the movie addressed issues of racism, class, and the Black Power Movement, just like many other blaxploitation movies. Racist movies have always compared African Americans to monkeys (and do so now on social media). Dr. Black and Mr. Hyde made an effort to discuss their views on the development of slavery. The narrative’s course was changed when the Hyde creature emerged as an ape-like creature resembling the Frankenstein monster.

On the other side, director William Crain depicted white people as the source of all evil in African-American society. His attempt to create a Frankenstein monster out of Hyde made the character sympathetic as a lonely guy in an unusual circumstance. Crain adapted the concept from Elizabeth Young’s best-selling book Black Frankenstein: The Making of an American Metaphor. While falling from a tall building, he resembles the original King Kong.

Another subject in Crain’s blaxploitation movie is class criticism, as Bernie Casey’s Dr. Henry Pride is shown as a wealthy Black physician who overcomes the black-white gap. He is viewed as giving up and blending into white culture. There are times when he returns to places from his past to demonstrate his Blackness after overcoming a barrier and stepping into the white professional class, as some have noted that the character’s work to find effective therapy for cirrhosis of the liver is an illustration for his resolve to change the “black urban underclass.”

Both professionals and individuals have commented on how Dr. Black, Mr. Hyde flips the roles of various hues in conventional movies. Prostitutes and well-dressed pimps are included in the film, which also redefines these characters by demonstrating how white people oppress Black people. Prider’s white automobile, for instance, exemplifies the harmful and demeaning attitude of wealthy whites toward Black people. Another parallel in the movie is Mr. Hyde, a white monster who goes on a killing rampage against African-Americans.

Bleeding into modern Black horror

Blaxploitation is still a contentious cinema subgenre, yet its influence on modern horror cannot be overstated. For many years, blaxploitation elements were virtually always present in films that featured a Black neighborhood in a city.

The effect of Snoop Dogg’s appearance in the 2001 movie Bones, in which he also stars, would be comparable to that of Blaxploitation. Numerous references to archetypes from the early 20th century may be found in the 1995 anthology movie Tales from the Hood. Regardless of one’s opinions, blaxploitation has a significant effect.

Blaxploitation, like other cinema themes and subgenres, ultimately went out of style, giving way to a new fad that would go down in the annals of Black horror.