Image Source: The Guardian
Hillary Clinton was born on October 26, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois and grew up in Park Ridge, Illinois, where her father ran a textile business. She is well-known as the former first lady during her husband. President Bill Clinton’s administration between 1993 and 2001. She is also an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States senator between 2001 and 2009 and secretary of state in President Barack Obama’s administration between 2009 and 2013. She became the Democratic Party’s flag bearer in the 2016 presidential election, which made her the first woman to ever win the presidential ticket of a major party in the United States.
Outside politics, Hillary Clinton, is an author with four books to her credit and a host of other studies and research works. She won a Grammy Award in 1996. Hillary’s journey into politics started from a very young age when she was a student leader in public schools and an active youth in the church. Her first work in politics was campaigning for presidential candidate Barry Goldwater in 1964, a year before she enrolled at Wellesley College. After Malcolm X, Robert F. Kennedy, and Martin Luther King, Jr. were assassinated, her political views changed, and she became a member of the Democratic Party. She was a volunteer in the presidential campaign of Eugene McCarthy.
She graduated from Yale Law School and focused on family law and issues affecting children. In 1974, she moved to Arkansas and began to teach at the University Of Arkansas School Of Law and got married to Bill Clinton in 1975. She started working at the well-known Rose Law Firm in Little Rock, Arkansas, where she rose to the position of a partner. Bill Clinton became the governor of Arkansas in 1978, with Hillary still focused on her career and keeping her maiden name. Voters criticized her, saying she was not committed to their husband. She had her only child, Chelsea Victoria, in 1980 and changed her name to Hillary Clinton in 1982. She made it into the top 100 most influential lawyers in the United States in 1988 and 1991 by the National Law Journal and was named Arkansas Woman of the Year in 1983.
Bill Clinton’s tenure ran from 1979 to 1981 and then 1983 to 1992 before becoming the President of the United States in 1993, which Hillary played a significant role in its campaign. In 1999, after surviving various controversies during her husband’s tenure as president, she announced her intention to run for senate in New York. She left Washington, D.C. on January 5, 2000, and moved to a house she and the president owned in Chappaqua, New York, to meet the state’s residency requirement. After a long, grueling campaign, Hillary Clinton defeated Rick Lazio by a landslide and became the first first lady to win an election.
Her senatorial tenure saw her push relentlessly for health care reform. She was also heavily critical of how President George W. Bush handled the Iraq War after the 9/11 attacks in 2001. In 2003, she published “Living History,” the memoir of her time in the White House. The book set sales records, and she received an advance of around $8 million for the book. She was reelected into the senate in 2006.
She tried to secure the presidential nomination in 2008 but was defeated by Barack Obama, who later became the United States president and appointed Hillary Clinton as the secretary of state. After her tenure, she went against Donald Trump in 2016 and lost the election.