The Chicago Journal

Harnessing the Power of Nature: The Potential Medicinal Uses of Sativa Plants

Though there is much prejudice surrounding cannabis today, this plant has a long-standing history of medicinal applications. It was used to treat pain, anxiety, and gastrointestinal tract issues in ancient times, and today, the global community exhibits a revival of interest in cannabis’s therapeutic potential. This interest reflects the crisis of trust in the multi-billion-dollar pharmacological industry that has hooked millions of people on antidepressants and painkillers. Thus, people are growing more interested in safe, herbal remedies for improving their wellness and health. 

This article examines the potential medicinal uses of the most widespread cannabis sort – cannabis sativa. If this information interests you and you decide to venture into cultivation for personal use, you can always find top-quality Sativa seeds here –

Cannabis Sativa: History of Use 

Cannabis has been part and parcel of many ancient cultures’ ethno-medicines and pharmacotherapy. Reports of its use are found in many parts of the globe, from ancient China to Asia and North America. Shamans and doctors of ancient peoples applied the flowers and leaves of cannabis plants to treat the following issues: 

  • Epilepsy 
  • Asthma 
  • Skin burns 
  • Pain of all types 
  • Difficulties during childbirth 
  • Postpartum hemorrhage 
  • Gastrointestinal problems 
  • Sexually transmitted diseases 

Though there is a lack of clinical evidence on cannabis’s real value for all kinds of these health issues, its painkilling, anti-inflammatory, and soothing properties are well-known. Thus, in modern science, cannabis and its major compounds, such as CBD and THC, are increasingly explored for their potential to calm down the nerves, soothe pain, and relieve patients’ stress and anxiety.

Chemical Composition of Cannabis with Medicinal Characteristics 

So, what makes cannabis such a unique plant with a wide variety of applications and an ability to produce a distinct cerebral high on the users? The secret to its wide therapeutic application is in the plant’s chemical profile. It includes a rich mix of compounds, such as cannabinoid and non-cannabinoid phenols, such as: 

  • N-alkalines 
  • Wax esters
  • Spiro-indans 
  • Flavonoids 
  • Terpenoids 
  • Aldehydes
  • Steroids
  • Alkaloids, and much more. 

Overall, 500+ compounds have already been isolated from cannabis Sativa, each with unique properties and effects on the human nervous and physiological systems. Several classes of these compounds have an established history of use in cosmetics, aromatherapy, and pharmacotherapy, thus the interest in using cannabis as a medicinal remedy. 

Obviously, the two primary cannabinoids – cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – are in the spotlight of everyone’s attention when the discussion of cannabis use starts. However, the plant offers a much broader spectrum of applications, with the presence of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), cannabidivarin (CBDV), tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), cannabigerol (CBG), and many other components with pronounced therapeutic effects. Thus, it is imperative to encourage cannabis research and stimulate the development of extraction technology, which would allow the isolation of the primary cannabinoids from the plant and producing medicinal drugs with particular properties. 

What Medicinal Issues Does Cannabis Address? 

There’s little clinical research on cannabis use for specific health conditions, as the substance used to be illegal only recently, and there were legal issues with engaging populations in clinical studies. However, the body of research is steadily growing today, and we know about the following spheres of popular cannabis use. 

  • Pain. THC and CBD were found to relieve various kinds of pain, from acute to chronic, that patients experience due to various health conditions. For instance, cannabis is good at reducing neuropathic pain (as rat and mice studies show) and chronic pain connected to multiple sclerosis. 
  • Anxiety. Anxiety is the top reported motivation for using cannabis Sativa among American consumers. Thus, it shows that people expect to have their tension relaxed and reduced as a result of cannabis consumption. However, clinical studies prove that cannabis can deliver this effect only in small doses, and the most effective compound for stress relief is CBD. At the same time, THC can, on the contrary, intensify anxiety and cause restlessness and paranoia. 
  • Cancer. Both THC and CBD induce cell apoptosis and inhibit the development of cancer cell lines; clinical research suggests that these cannabinoids should be used together instead of applying, for instance, THC alone, as their combined effect on cancer proliferation is more pronounced. 
  • Epilepsy. Cannabis Sativa has been historically used to treat seizures and convulsions, as many reports suggest. New clinical evidence, however, can’t give a definite answer to whether cannabis will address epilepsy efficiently. It was proven to have both anticonvulsant and pro-convulsant properties, which makes the outcomes of its use for seizures largely unpredictable. CBD is known to produce anticonvulsant effects, so it’s vital to use THC-low remedies for epilepsy. 
  • Inflammation. Cannabis possesses strong anti-inflammatory properties, which are realized through the action of CBD. This cannabinoid was found to regulate inflammation by interacting with TCF, toll-like receptors, mitogen-activated protein kinases, nuclear factor kappa, and other inflammatory agents. 

What’s the Problem with Massive Cannabis Adoption? 

As you can see, cannabis is an immensely valuable plant with a huge set of medicinal properties and a rich therapeutic potential. However, even despite the fast pace of legalization in modern America and other countries, weed remains a broadly debated plant with many legal bottlenecks for its use and commercial production. Because of these barriers, research and manufacturing are still lagging behind, with no significant moves in delivering efficient, standardized, and transparent solutions to patients with various health conditions. 

Things that the cannabis manufacturing industry needs to address as the legalization process advances are: 

  • Need to improve and standardize the extraction processes and cannabinoid labeling.  
  • Need to research the efficiency of various cannabis parts’ use in pharmacotherapy. 
  • Need to develop rigorous purification procedures for eliminating unwanted components, including chlorophyll and residual organic solvents. 
  • Further clinical studies and analysis of Cannabis Sativa. 
  • Research of the cannabinoids’ properties and photochemical oxidation. 

Explore Cannabis as Your Personal Herbal Remedy 

Cannabis Sativa is a plant with unique chemistry and a realm of promises for human health and well-being. Its commercial production and use of cannabis extracts in manufacturing pharmacological and non-pharmacological products are only at the germinal stage of development, but the sector is highly promising. Therefore, it is vital to educate consumers about safe and beneficial uses of cannabis Sativa and cannabis-infused products, spreading word of mouth about secure dosing and proper product selection. 

The author of this material is Tia Moskalenko, a blogger at AskGrowers. Tia keeps close connections with several renounced cannabis brands and monitors the market for new products and exciting cannabis applications with pronounced health benefits. She shares her findings and explains the fundamentals of safe product choice, dosing, and cannabis use.

Unleashing the Power of Memory Reconsolidation: A Neurobiology Therapy Adventure with Jules Shore

Do you want to develop new therapeutic superpowers as a therapist? Look nowhere else! Join the charming and perceptive Jules Shore on an unforgettable voyage through neurobiology therapy courses. Unleash the transforming power of memory reconsolidation in your work by learning about this intriguing field. Prepare for a roller-coaster ride full of hilarity, knowledge, and breakthroughs. We’re about to delve into the fascinating world of neurobiology treatment courses, so therapists, fasten your capes!

Memory Reconsolidation: Cracking the Code to Lasting Change

Beware of deeply ingrained emotional patterns and terrible memories! Reconsolidation of memory is here to upend everything. Imagine if memories are susceptible to modification once they are revived. It’s like unlocking a box of possibilities, letting fresh associations and interpretations flow. Therapists can help their clients rewrite their stories and alter their lives by using memory reconsolidation.

Jules Shore: Your Guide to Therapeutic Marvels

We are happy to present the amazing Jules Shore, a guiding light of knowledge and skill in the field of memory reconsolidation. To help therapists all over the world learn its mysteries, Jules has devoted her time and efforts to demystifying the glories of this procedure. Her online courses are a goldmine of information, encompassing topics like boundaries work and neurobiology for psychotherapy in addition to memory reconsolidation. Jules will be your dependable travel companion and will provide advice and insight at every juncture.

A Three-Act Play Called Unmasking the Power of Memory Consolidation

Let’s now go into the specifics of memory reconsolidation and how therapists might use it to their advantage. Think of it as a three-act play that takes place in the mind:

Act 1 The Schema’s Secret Lair

Memory reconsolidation is no different from any other hero who has to know who the villain is. In order to understand the deeply ingrained subconscious learning—or schema—that underlies their patients’ unfavorable feelings and behaviors, therapists work with Jules Shore. Setting the stage for transformation is bringing these hidden ideas to light.

Act 2: Confronting the Schema – The Epic Battle

The big showdown will begin after the schema is revealed. Jules shows therapists how to work with their patients to create experiences that contradict and challenge the initial paradigm. Imagine your client progressively overcoming their fear of public speaking by giving a speech in front of a small group of people. It’s a journey that stirs up feelings and changes lives!

Act 3: The Grand Finale – Memory Consolidation

The last act starts as the curtain comes down. When the original schema conflicts with the new experience, it is time to assist clients in processing the prediction mistake that results. Jules skillfully assists therapists in triggering the client’s schema and fresh experience. Therapists can encourage the reconsolidation of memories in a more flexible and transformative way by expertly controlling emotional arousal.

According to Jules Shore, while the brain is recovering, regulation and activation coexist peacefully. In order to unlock the potential of memory reconsolidation and spark long-lasting change in their patients, therapists must strike a delicate balance.

Join the Neurobiology Therapy Revolution Today!

It’s time for therapists to join the revolution in neurobiology therapy! Accept the healing power of memory reconsolidation and open new doors to recovery. Do not pass up the opportunity to study from the outstanding Jules Shore and her innovative online courses. As you begin this thrilling trip, remember that your customers deserve the superhero version of you. As you explore the fields of neurobiology and neuroscience in psychotherapy, put on your thinking caps and get ready to don your therapist cape.

How to Apply Neurobiology in Therapy: From Theory to Practice

Are you prepared to put your newly acquired knowledge to use? Jules Shore offers helpful advice on using neurobiology in therapy. You’ll learn cutting-edge methods and approaches that incorporate the most recent findings in neuroscience to improve your therapeutic efforts. A new era of evidence-based practice is here; wave goodbye to the past.

Neurobiology Psychotherapy Training

How to Release Your Inner Brainiac

All ambitious brains are invited! Your key to discovering the mysteries of the mind is Jules Shore’s training in neurobiology psychotherapy. Learn how the brain works, how it interprets emotions, and how to rewire it for the best possible mental health. With Jules as your mentor, you’ll understand the complex dance between the brain and behavior, giving yourself the skills you need to help your clients experience sustainable transformation.

Memory Reconsolidation: A Key to Unlocking Transformation

Memory reconsolidation stands out in the large field of neurobiology as the key to unlocking change. Think about leading your customers on a transformative trip where traumatic memories are released and emotional patterns are rewritten. With Jules Shore’s expert advice, you’ll master memory, managing the reconsolidation process and assisting in the emergence of a new narrative for your customers.

Neuroscience in Psychotherapy

Bringing Light to the Way of Healing

Neuroscience integration with psychotherapy is like illuminating the therapeutic process. Knowing how the brain functions gives you significant knowledge about how to design interventions that focus on particular neural circuits. The teachings of Jules Shore will enlighten your way, assisting you in navigating the complex cerebral highways and directing your clients toward profound healing and progress.

Julianne (Jules) Taylor Shore: The Neuro-Pioneer

The actual neuro-pioneer Julianne (Jules) Taylor Shore is at the center of this revolution in neurobiology. Her dedication to empowering therapists and her zeal for unlocking the mysteries of the brain are unmatched. Jules is on a quest to change the therapeutic landscape one neuron at a time with her webinars, online courses, and continuous support.

Watch Now: Julianne (Jules) Taylor Shore on Memory Reconsolidation for Anxiety

Are you prepared to see the magic in action? Click here to view Julianne (Jules) Taylor Shore’s engrossing webinar on memory reconsolidation for anxiety. Grab some popcorn. As Jules explains the strategies, perceptions, and case studies that will leave you motivated and prepared to face fear head-on, get ready for an eye-opening encounter.

Embrace the Neurobiology Therapy Evolution!

The time has come for therapists to embrace the progress of neurobiology treatment. Enter the world of neurobiology, memory reconsolidation, and the transforming potential of Jules Shore’s teachings. Bring out your inner whiz, transform your business, and emerge as the champion your clients deserve. Join the movement right away to start a journey that will forever alter the lives of everyone you come in contact with.

Therapists should keep in mind that the brain is the gateway to a world of untapped potential. So don your cape, unleash your neurobiological superpowers, and go off on a unique therapeutic journey. Psychotherapy’s bright future is now, and it is only waiting for you to seize it. As you delve into the fascinating worlds of neuroscience, memory consolidation, and the incredible potential they have for altering lives, let Jules Shore be your guide. Are you prepared to venture forth? One neuron at a time, let’s transform the field of therapy.

Anxiety can come from the heart, a mice study found

Anxiety Many studies on mental health have been conducted over the last several decades with the objective of aiding millions of people worldwide.

Anxiety is one of the most common mental illnesses, affecting around 30% of people and causing their hearts to beat.

Some, on the other hand, think that their beating heart adds to their anxiety.

Until now, a new mouse study found that they both belonged to the same group.

A new finding

The study, published in the March 9 issue of Nature, shows that in high-risk settings, a beating heart sends signals to the brain, increasing anxiety.

The findings may offer a new perspective on understanding and treating anxiety disorders.

Scientists observed anxiety-like behavior in mice after artificially increasing their heart rates.

They then calmed the mice by turning off a part of their brain.

The brain and emotions

According to Stanford University neuroscientist Karl Deisseroth, William James, the pioneer of psychology, proposed that physical experiences may contribute to emotions in the brain.

In his 1890 book The Principles of Psychology, James created the thesis that emotion follows what the body goes through, writing:

“We feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble.”

Interoception is the phenomenon in which the brain feels impulses within the body.

Nevertheless, neuroscientist Anna Beyeler of the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research in Bordeaux feels that determining whether these experiences contribute to emotion is impossible.

Beyeler analyzes brain networks connected with emotion and makes the following comment on his findings:

“I’m sure a lot of people have thought of doing these experiments, but no one really had the tools.”

Read also: Insomnia linked to heart attacks in new studies

The new study

Karl Deisseroth spent the most of his career developing devices for this kind of study.

He is one of the scientists that developed optogenetics, a method that utilizes viruses to modify the genes of certain cells so that they respond to light flashes.

With a light switch, scientists can regulate the activity of the cells.

In the current work, Deisseroth and his colleagues used a tiny vest with a light to change the heart rhythm of a mouse with a genetically altered heart.

When the mouse was switched off, its heart rate was around 600 beats per minute.

At 900 beats per minute, the mouse’s heartbeat was synced with the flashing light.

“It’s a nice reasonable acceleration [one mouse] would encounter in a time of stress or fear,” said Deisseroth.

When their hearts began to speed, the mice began to exhibit anxiety-like behavior.

In stressful situations, mice tend to retreat to the walls and hide in dark corners.

In another instance, when pressing a water lever resulted in a little shock every now and again, mice with normal heart rates pressed on it without hesitation.

Mice with a pounding heart, on the other hand, would become thirsty.

“Everybody was expecting that, but it’s the first time that it has been clearly demonstrated,” said Beyeler.

Brain scans

The researchers analyzed the mice’s brains for areas that may be processing the increased heart rate.

One of the most notable signals, according to Deisseroth, came from the posterior insula.

“The insula was interesting because it’s highly connected with interoceptive circuitry,” he said.

“When we saw that signal, [our] interest was definitely piqued.”

Further optogenetics were utilized to suppress activity in the posterior insula, which lowered the mice’s anxiety-like behaviors.

Although their hearts were still hammering, the animals behaved normally, spending more time in open areas of the mazes and pressing water levers without reluctance.

What next?

According to Wen Chen, branch chief of basic medical research for complementary and integrative health at the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health in Bethesda, the study’s findings caught the curiosity of many people.

“No matter what kind of meetings I go into, in the last two days, everybody brought up this paper,” said Chen.

The next step, according to Karl Deisseroth, is to look at other physical regions that may impact anxiety.

“We can feel it in our gut sometimes, or we can feel it in our neck or shoulders,” he said.

Using optogenetics, scientists may tense a mouse’s muscles or give it butterflies in the stomach to reveal new circuits that trigger fear or anxiety-like responses.

Yet, Beyeler believes that understanding the heart-brain connection might help doctors manage fear and anxiety.

The trip from the laboratory to the clinic, however, is more convoluted than the path from the heart to the head.

Dr. Jay Johannigman’s Mission to Make Whole Blood Accessible in Colorado

In trauma medicine, few individuals have made a lasting impact, like Dr. Jay Johannigman. With a steadfast commitment to advancing the field and improving patient outcomes, Dr. Johannigman has dedicated his career to providing top-notch medical care in civilian and military settings. One of his latest endeavors is to bring whole blood to Colorado, making it accessible to mountain towns such as Aspen, where the availability of blood in trauma emergencies is often a challenge. Explore Dr. Johannigman’s background, achievements, and vision for enhancing regional healthcare. 

A Leader in Trauma Medicine 

With over 35 years of experience as a trauma and critical care surgeon, Dr. Jay Johannigman is a highly respected figure in the medical community. He obtained his AB degree in biology from Kenyon College. He went on to earn his Doctor of Medicine from Case Western Reserve University. Dr. Johannigman further honed his skills through postdoctoral training in trauma and surgical critical care, and he even pursued additional education in Aerospace Medicine at Brooks AFB and the Air War College during his time in the military. 

Military Service and Accomplishments 

Dr. Johannigman’s dedication to medical service extends beyond his civilian career. He has served in the military medical corps for over 40 years and currently holds the rank of COL in the US Army Reserve. Throughout his military tenure, Dr. Johannigman has been deployed on eight combat missions from 2003 to 2021, demonstrating his unwavering commitment to providing medical aid in the most challenging environments. His roles have included CCAT flight surgeon, Trauma “Czar,” Deputy Commander, and Director of Clinical Service for combat hospitals. 

Recognitions and Awards 

Dr. Johannigman’s exceptional contributions have not gone unnoticed. His invaluable service has been recognized with prestigious awards, including the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, the Army Commendation Medal, the Meritorious Service Medal, and numerous other decorations. These accolades testify to his unwavering dedication to excellence and his profound impact on trauma medicine. 

Bringing Whole Blood to Colorado 

Drawing from his extensive experience in military medicine, Dr. Johannigman has recognized the vital importance of whole blood in trauma care. In Afghanistan, whole blood has proven to be highly effective in saving lives on the battlefield. Unfortunately, access to whole blood is limited in certain regions, especially in remote mountain towns like Aspen, Colorado. Driven by his vision to bridge this gap, Dr. Johannigman aims to make whole blood readily available in Colorado, ensuring that patients in critical condition receive the timely and life-saving interventions they need. 

Leading the Way in San Antonio 

Dr. Johannigman draws inspiration from San Antonio, Texas, leading the United States in whole blood usage. Recognizing the positive impact this has had on patient outcomes, he aspires to replicate this success in Colorado. By leveraging his expertise and leadership as the overseer of St. Anthony’s Level I Trauma and Emergency General Surgery program, Dr. Johannigman aims to establish a robust whole-blood program that meets the region’s unique needs. 

Enhancing Trauma Care in Colorado 

Introducing whole blood in Colorado would revolutionize trauma care, particularly in mountainous regions where accessibility to blood products can be challenging. In emergencies, every second counts, and having a readily available supply of whole blood can mean the difference between life and death. Dr. Johannigman’s vision aligns with the broader goal of improving healthcare outcomes and ensuring that no patient’s life is compromised due to inadequate resources. 


Dr. Jay Johannigman’s exceptional career, spanning both civilian and military medicine, has positioned him as a leading figure in trauma care. His commitment to serving others and his remarkable achievements have garnered his peers’ respect and admiration. Through his vision of bringing whole blood to Colorado, Dr. Johannigman aims to revolutionize trauma care in the region and ensure that even the most remote communities have access to life-saving interventions. Through the dedication and innovation of individuals like Dr. Johannigman, we continue to make significant strides in advancing medical care and improving patient outcomes. 


Fentanyl contributed to teen deaths in the US, studies found

Fentanyl Fentanyl is an extremely strong synthetic opioid that has been linked to a recent increase in drug overdose deaths among adults in the United States.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 36,000 people died from drug overdoses using synthetic opioids such as fentanyl in 2019 alone, which represents more than 60% of all opioid-related overdose deaths.

Fentanyl’s potency, along with its widespread availability and low cost, has resulted in its domination in the illicit drug market, ending in a public health crisis that is currently causing devastation across the country.

Affecting the youth

While fentanyl has mostly been linked to adult deaths, it has recently been linked to the deaths of a large number of children and teenagers in the United States.

Over 1,500 children under the age of 20 will die from fentanyl in 2021, according to Julie Gaither, an epidemiologist at Yale School of Medicine.

The number of deaths has risen by four since 2018.

Fentanyl fatalities accounted for nearly all opioid-related deaths in this age group in 2021.

The drug

Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is used to treat cancer patients’ acute pain.

It is also manufactured and supplied illegally as a street drug.

The drug is significantly more potent than other opioids such as morphine and heroin, making it very dangerous for recreational users.

The opioid fentanyl is manufactured in laboratories, primarily in China, and then smuggled into other countries.

Illicit fentanyl is commonly mixed with other opioids, such as heroin or cocaine, without the user’s knowledge, increasing the risk of overdose.

Fentanyl trafficking has worsened a serious public health issue in several countries, most notably the United States, where fentanyl overdose deaths have surged in recent years.

Replacing prescription drugs

Because it is less expensive and easier to obtain illegally, fentanyl is rapidly replacing prescription opioids such as oxycodone.

As a result, there has been an increase in overdoses since patients may not realize they are taking fentanyl instead of the prescribed prescription.

Because traffickers frequently mix fentanyl with other opiates to boost their potency or imitate the effects of other prescription medications, counterfeit prescription drugs are being infected with illicit fentanyl.

As a result, people seeking pain treatment with authorized prescription medications may be unintentionally ingesting a lethal dose of fentanyl.

“That’s primarily the story of what’s happening among teenagers,” said Sarah Bagley, the pediatrician and addiction provider of the Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine.

Bagley believes that teenagers purchase and use drugs or substances without recognizing it is fentanyl.

“People are not anticipating that they are going to be exposed to fentanyl, and then they are, and that results in overdose.”

Read also: Beyond the Obvious: How Your Gut Microbiome Impacts Your Mood and Other Surprising Signs of Imbalance


Some of the symptoms of a drug overdose include:

  • Falling asleep
  • Losing consciousness
  • Gurgling
  • Choking sounds
  • Weak/no breathing

“This change in the drug supply, where you have a much more potent opioid, is really driving it all,” said Bagley.

The bulk of fentanyl deaths among adolescents and teens, according to Gaither, happened at home.

“For smaller kids, kids who are mobile, they would be taking a drug that’s off the floor,” she said.

Gaither also emphasized the significance of more education to assist parents understand how dangerous fentanyl is and the importance of keeping drugs out of the reach of children.

Mortality rate

Julie Gaither reviewed pediatric mortality statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 1999 through 2021.

The fentanyl death rate more than quadrupled during that time period, rising from 0.47 to 1.92 per 100,000 children.

In 2021, fentanyl suffocated 40 babies and 93 children aged one to four.

Adult overdose deaths have also increased.

In 2021, synthetic opioids, mostly fentanyl, were responsible for more than 70,000 deaths in the United States, with more than 106,000 drug overdose deaths expected in 2022.

A counter to overdose

The US Food and Drug Administration approved Naloxone, an opioid overdose reversal medication, for over-the-counter use in March.

In late summer, it will be sold at a number of retailers.

Some communities teach residents how to use nasal spray medications and distribute them to victims.

Narcan, an opiate antidote that is safe for children of all ages, is the medication, according to Gaither.

Parents who have Narcan on hand can counteract the effects of opioids rapidly.

Bagley, on the other hand, stressed the need of educating teenagers about Narcan.

She has spoken with teenagers who have asked how they can keep their friends safe.

Addressing overdoses with children, according to Bagley, entails discussing the hazards as well as how they care for others in their lives and respond in a crisis.

Premium Cultivars’ Exotic Seeds Really Are The Grower’s Choice

Every strain has its own narrative to tell, ranging from the mundane to the captivating. Exotic weed strains offer some of the most intriguing backstories of any cannabis. They are derived from landraces in distant regions and exhibit great terpene profiles and other characteristics not found in most strains. Below, you will discover five exotic cannabis strains from Premium Cultivars, what makes them unique, and what to expect when growing them.

What is exotic cannabis?

Exotic weed is a word used to describe high-potency cannabis strains. Also, it describes marijuana strains that are uncommon in their fragrance, flavor, look, or growing place. In general, these strains are less well-known and less widely distributed. The two key characteristics that distinguish regular from exotic cannabis are:

  • Availability: Exotic weed is not widely available in locations where marijuana is sold.
  • Potency: The effects of exotic cannabis are notably stronger than those of a typical strain.

What makes Premium Cultivars’ cannabis seeds exotic

Exotic marijuana strains have several identifiable traits that might help you evaluate whether the bud you’re looking at is unusual or not. They may be distinguished from conventional cannabis by observing its general characteristics. They generally have the following:

  1. Outstanding trichomes – Trichomes, or hair-like crystals that develop on marijuana buds will be the first thing you check for when deciding whether the cannabis you’re looking at is exotic. Exotic cannabis seeds contain larger trichomes or crystalline appendages on the buds. Look at how it sparkles as it catches the light! The more glistening it is, the more likely you are looking at an exotic strain.
  2. Shape and color variations – Another important consideration is the form. Although this is largely subjective, the shape of exotic marijuana is thick and dusty, with a vibrant purple or lime green tint, completely distinct from the common cannabis.
  3. Distinct taste – Of course, if you have a free taste, flavor is one of the practical ways to authenticate the validity of an exotic cannabis strain. According to the testimonies of regular smokers, the flavor has a different kick and experience than conventional weeds.
  4. Strong effects – Once in the marijuana spirit, you can tell whether it’s a truly exotic cannabis. They are said to have a “strong and lasting” impact that strikes differently than regular cannabis.

Premium Cultivars' Exotic Seeds Really Are The Grower's Choice

The five best Premium Cultivars’ exotic cannabis strains

Exotic cannabis strains will differ based on who is looking for them, where they reside, and what strains are accessible in their location. Try one of these exotic marijuana strains to discover new terpene profiles and genetics worldwide. Here are the top five crème de la crème of Premium Cultivars’ exotic cannabis strains:

White Truffle

White Truffle is an exotic and highly sought-after cannabis strain that is quickly gaining popularity in the cannabis community. The White Truffle strain is quite simple to cultivate, making it suitable for rookie and expert growers. The plant takes 8-10 weeks to blossom, producing about 450g/m2 inside and 500g/plant outdoors. White Truffle features thick, medium-sized buds coated with trichomes and has a frosty look. The buds are a vibrant green with bright orange pistils standing out against the green foliage. The buds are also sticky to the touch, indicating they are rich in resin. Overall, the White Truffle strain is highly recommended for anyone searching for a unique and delightful growing experience.

Cherry Pie

Cherry Pie is an Indica-dominant hybrid generated by crossing two popular strains, Durban Poison, and Grandaddy Purple. Cherry Pie is an excellent choice for rookie and professional growers since it is reasonably easy to grow. It can be developed indoors and outdoors, with advantages to both methods. Expect a blooming duration of 8-9 weeks and decent yields inside. Outdoors, late October is the optimum time to harvest. It is also an aesthetically appealing cannabis strain, with dense buds covered in a thick covering of trichomes. The leaves are vibrant green and orange pistils that stand out against the buds’ green and purple tones.

Larry Bird

Larry Bird is a hybrid strain derived from a genetic mix between Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies and Sunset Sherbet. Unlike its parent plants which are quite difficult to cultivate, Larry Bird grows quite well in Mediterranean Seaside climatic conditions. Larry Bird may produce 25 ounces of short, thick buds suitable for harvest in mid-October when grown in mild-dry conditions. Also, Larry Bird’s Indica characteristics help as a disease and insect protection, allowing for 8-10 weeks of the blooming period.

When you cultivate this beauty, you can see the strain’s Indica heritage. The lovely plant will have sugar leaves that can turn a lovely deep purple color. It produces dense, densely packed buds coated with thick layers of sticky trichomes. Furthermore, reduce indoor temperatures to generate gorgeous indigo-purple buds for the last two weeks of the flowering period.


Gruntz is an Indica dominant hybrid generated by crossing the outstanding Zkittlez and Gelato strains. Gruntz strain may be grown anywhere and will blossom in 8 weeks. Outside, each plant may yield 18 ounces, but indoor plants yield 14 ounces per square meter once they mature. Growers utilize several tactics to ensure a good harvest, such as paying careful attention to the Gruntz’s soil composition and nutritional content; it does not like to be overwatered. Also, it is normally easy to develop using the SCROG or screen of green training approach.

Cheetah Piss

Cheetah Piss is a rare evenly-balanced strain crossing Gelato, London Pound Cake 97, and Lemonnade. If well managed, the Cheetah Piss strain thrives both indoors and outdoors. Growers prefer growing Cheetah Piss inside because moisture, humidity, and temperature are simpler to manage. Indoor production can reach at least six feet, while outdoor yield can reach up to eight feet. Flowering starts after fifty days, and the plant is ready for harvest in two weeks. Indoor yields are about 0.5 oz/ft2, and outdoor harvests are 5 – 10 oz/plant. This strain produces crops that are normally bright green with a faint purple tinge. Also, they have a frosty appearance due to a sticky covering of trichomes.

Exotic marijuana strains are distinct in some way. Many have unique roots in faraway locations, uncommon flavor characteristics not found elsewhere, and renowned parents that set them apart from the pack. If you want to try these exotic cannabis strains, go to Premium Cultivars seed bank. Also, they have several exotic cannabis strains that are worth trying!

The Connection between A1C and Diabetes Complications: What You Need to Know?

A1C tests your average blood sugar level over the past two to three months. If the levels are too high, it can lead to severe diabetes complications. Your healthcare team will use this number to help you plan your treatment, set goals, and monitor your progress.

Keeping your blood sugar in a healthy range reduces your chances of developing diabetes-related complications, such as heart disease, blindness, and kidney disease.

The blood vessels in your body can be damaged by high glucose levels over a long time. This can make them not work well and cause problems with the nerves that send signals to and from parts of your body.

Your doctor will prescribe medicines that you regularly take to keep your A1C in a normal range. By following a proper diet, exercise, and treatment plan, you can keep your A1C under control and prevent diabetes complications. 

To learn more about the connection between A1C and diabetes complications, continue reading. 

What Are Diabetes Complications?

Diabetes is a lifelong condition, and people can develop many health problems from it as a result of uncontrolled blood glucose levels. These complications can be serious and even deadly. But with proper diabetes treatments, most people can live long and healthy life.

Keeping blood glucose (sugar) levels in check and taking medicine to treat complications are the best ways to prevent or delay them. Managing your diabetes well can help you feel more in control of your health.

A few of the main diabetes complications include eye problems, kidney disease, nerve damage, and depression. Everyone with diabetes should get a series of tests and checks each year to monitor their health and look out for complications early on.

High blood sugar can also damage your eyes, causing retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma. Regular eye exams can catch these conditions at an early stage when they’re easiest to manage.

The Connection between A1C and Diabetes Complications

An A1C level of 6.5% or higher indicates diabetes, and if the level goes beyond 7%, it increases your risk for serious long-term complications, such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney damage. If you have diabetes, it is important to manage your blood sugar as well as possible to lower your A1C and improve your health.

An A1C test measures your average blood sugar over the last 3 months. It is used to check for diabetes and prediabetes, but it can also be used to monitor a patient’s overall glycemic control.

This test gives a complete picture of your blood sugar level. Doctors use this test to prepare a diabetes treatment plan. You need to get this test done twice or four times a year, depending on your blood sugar control. If the test results are constantly high, it means your glycemic control is poor. This increases your risk of developing diabetes complications. 

Keeping a blood sugar log and learning how certain foods can affect your blood sugar level can help you keep your A1C in the normal range. It is also a good idea to ask your doctor about ways you can reduce your risk for diabetes complications, including weight control, exercise, and taking prescribed medication.

Most Common Diabetes Complications

Diabetes complications are health problems that can happen if your diabetes isn’t controlled. They can affect your eyes, kidneys, and blood vessels, as well as your heart and brain. Your doctor can help you prevent or control these complications by putting together a plan that includes your diet, exercise, and medications. 

Cardiovascular Complications

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to a number of problems that can affect your heart, blood vessels, and other parts of your body. They can include coronary artery disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and heart failure. People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing CVD than those without the disease. The risk increases even more if you have both diabetes and high blood pressure or high cholesterol levels. 

Eye Complications

If you have diabetes, you are at a greater risk of developing eye complications. These include diabetic retinopathy, macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma. These conditions can lead to vision loss, even blindness. However, the best way to prevent or control these complications is to manage your diabetes. That means keeping your blood glucose level in a healthy range, taking medication to help control it, and getting regular eye exams.

Kidney Complications

Kidney damage is common in people with diabetes, and it can lead to a life-threatening condition that requires treatment. Getting diabetes under control can help to delay or prevent this disease. Having healthy blood glucose levels and controlling high blood pressure is critical to preventing kidney damage. Diabetic nephropathy is the most common kidney complication that also occurs in people with diabetes. 

Neurological Complications

The long-term high blood sugar levels that diabetes causes can damage the nerves throughout the body. This can cause many different health problems, including pain, numbness, and loss of sensation. The good news is that getting your blood glucose levels as close to your goal as possible can also help prevent these problems from occurring. That’s why the American Diabetes Association recommends having glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test at least twice a year.

Dental Problems

Diabetes can cause a number of problems with your teeth and gums. It is important to manage blood sugar levels well to avoid these complications. Uncontrolled diabetes can also weaken the white blood cells that help your body fight infections, including bacterial ones in your mouth. This is why people with diabetes are also more likely to develop oral health issues.

How to Prevent or Control Diabetes Complications?

Diabetes is a serious disease that can cause health complications if left untreated. These include heart disease, kidney failure, and blindness. Fortunately, most of these complications can also be prevented or controlled. Here are some tips you can follow to prevent diabetes complications. 

  • Daily Physical Activity
  • Weight Control
  • Self-Blood Glucose Monitoring
  • Daily Blood Glucose Control
  • A1C Control
  • Taking Prescribed Medication
  • Regular Heart, Kidney, Eyes, Nerves, And Dental Checkups


Your A1C level is a crucial marker of how well your diabetes treatment plan is working. It measures how much of the sugar that’s in your blood has attached to the hemoglobin protein that carries oxygen throughout your body. A1C levels can be high, but they can also drop if your diet and exercise program are working properly. Ideally, your A1C should also be below 7% to keep your risk of complications low. Be sure to check your A1C at least twice a year and take the necessary steps to improve your A1C level. Moreover, a lower A1C level will help you prevent or control diabetes-related complications like nerve damage, eye problems, and heart disease.

Cannabis Industry Gets Positive Numbers in Illinois, 149 New Licenses to Add to the Momentum

On Friday, Illinois regulators issued 149 cannabis dispensary licenses that vowed to increase the number of marijuana stores in the state.

This growth and momentum of the cannabis industry in the state indicate expansion and more opportunities for many reputable suppliers and dispensaries like nuEra Chicago and others. With the state offering a regulated and legalized framework for both medical and recreational cannabis, many businesses can flourish.

The decision ends a nearly a year delay for entrepreneurs looking to delve into the cannabis industry, giving them the green light to prepare for their storefronts.

At the same time, many consumers, especially those with medical conditions, can access the product to help with the symptoms of their ailments. 

The decision to regulate waiver permits was the first decision of Prime Minister JB Pritzker’s government.


Marijuana was previously legalized with its signature in 2019. The legalization marked a significant turning point in the industry; Illinois was the 11th state to do this. Before this, it was already legal to sell medical marijuana in 2013.  A year later, sales began. The problematic introduction of licensing in Illinois then hit a stumbling block.

A steady stream of lawsuits and criticism that the diversity promotion system paved the way for established marijuana giants with 110 operating dispensaries.

The first companies to open stores were all previously state-licensed medical marijuana dispensaries.

License Delays

Many factors cause delays in the release of licenses, such as regulatory requirements, application backlogs, and legal considerations. In Chicago, businesses encountered a series of problems at that time, including stringent zoning laws that made finding suitable locations difficult and a complex application process that required extensive documentation and high application fees.  

The 149 new Social Justice licensees are among 185 applicants who won a series of gated lotteries for the coveted license last summer.

However, two candidates sued the state’s filing system, prompting a Cook County judge to order state officials to suspend license distribution.

The judge canceled the arrest warrant in May.

The Licensees

On Friday, Pritzker’s office called “first-wave” licensees officially licensed to sell weed.

More than 41% of new graduates are predominantly black, 7% white and 4% Latino.

According to official figures, 38% did not share the race of their owners.

Pritzker’s Statement

“Illinois is leading the way in addressing the War on Drugs as no state has before, and dispensary ownership that reflects our state’s diversity is a product of that commitment,” Pritzker said.

“These licenses represent a significant step toward accountability for the decades of injustice preceding cannabis legalization.”

“Illinois will continue to deliver on the promises of putting equity at the forefront of this process,” he added.

Opportunities For Minorities

The cannabis industry understands the importance of promoting diversity, inclusion, and equity. It’s even more pronounced for those disproportionately affected by the war on drugs. Some of the opportunities given to them are social equity programs, capital assistance, education and training, and community reinvestment.

Although the new licenses allow people of color to enter retail, existing industry players and political insiders have also scored points, including GRI Holdings.

GRI Holdings is a powerful company with ties to the state government, which includes restaurateur Phil Stefani and Jeffrey Rehnerger, CEO of video game company Lucky Lincoln Gaming.

Baked Too, a minority startup, also received the government seal of approval.

The company was cleared after filing a lawsuit in Cook County court claiming that the state had “forced” it to unfairly give up a lottery seat

 Along with other new licensees, So Baked partner Britteney Kapri has 180 days to get a company’s approval before they receive a full license for the group to start stockpiling weed.

Kapri said he was still “shocked” to finally get the approval after all these years.

“We are still at the very beginning of a long long process,” said Kapri.

“I feel good, really, really good – and scared but hopeful.”

Industry Sales

Meanwhile, cannabis sales in Illinois have skyrocketed, with the state receiving nearly $450 million in tax revenue from $1.5 billion in recreational marijuana sales.

According to Governor JB Pritzker, the amount of taxes collected has increased from $297.7 million in fiscal year 2021 to $445.3 million this year, an increase of 50%.

Overall, recreational cannabis sales also increased by 50%, from $1 billion to $1.5 billion.

“Illinois has done more to put justice and equity at the forefront of this industry than any other state in the nation and has worked to ensure that communities hurt by the war on drugs have had the opportunity to participate,” said Pritzker.

“The $1.5 billion in sales of adult-use cannabis in Illinois translates into significant tax revenue with a portion of every dollar spent being reinvested in communities that have suffered for decades.”

The rising demand for cannabis products and the continuing education of the masses regarding its health benefits made sales robust and unprecedented. The mentioned sales figures may drastically change over time due to various factors. Foremost are the state of market saturation, perceived regulatory changes, and the booming competition among suppliers and dispensaries.

Beyond Traditional Medicine: A Revolutionary Approach to Overcoming Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

For decades, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) has mystified doctors and researchers alike. It’s a complex and debilitating condition characterized by extreme fatigue, which can’t be explained by any underlying medical issue. However, CFS is more than just fatigue—it can also cause intense pain, sensitivity to stimuli, brain fog, and even the inability to move. CFS seems to be more common than ever before, with millions of people worldwide dealing with it. 

When Miguel Bautista first got diagnosed with nervous system issues, he was dealing with every symptom in the book, which led him to try anything he could to get better. Unfortunately most doctors he saw couldn’t do a thing to help him.

While traditional medicine is often the go-to solution for many health problems, conventional treatments can fall short for conditions like CFS. That’s because “traditional” CFS treatments typically focus on managing symptoms like fatigue, pain, sleep, and depression, instead of addressing the condition’s root cause. These treatments may have undesirable adverse effects while offering solely short-term relief.   

This left Miguel exploring alternative approaches to find relief. At his worst he was bedridden and even hospitalized, that’s where he happened to meet a doctor who understood what CFS actually is, and that led him down the path of Recovery. The techniques he learned from him are so powerful that they allowed him to go from being bed bound in the hospital to hiking up a mountain in Hawaii in less than a year. 

Miguel’s doctor taught him that CFS isn’t actually a physical ailment, but rather a result of a hypersensitive nervous system. The Mind-Body Connection is the key to understanding how our thoughts, feelings, and emotions can influence our physical health. In CFS, our brains react as if they’re under attack, leading to extreme fatigue, pain, brain fog, and more.

To address the root cause of CFS, we need to focus on the overactive nervous system. That’s where our “Revolutionary Approach” comes in. Miguel’s doctor understood the Mind-Body Connection and knew how to “fix” it with brain retraining.

Brain retraining works because of neuroplasticity, meaning our brains can be rewired. For CFS sufferers, this means we can rewire our brains to avoid going into “survival” mode and maintain a “normal” state.

Brain retraining is what transformed his life in such a dramatic way, which is why he decided to start sharing it with a wider audience through his YouTube channel CFS Recovery, and his online program Recovery Jumpstart.

The best part is that brain retraining works for anyone who takes the effort to use the techniques. Miguel knows that because it’s helped over 100 people who have been through Recovery Jumpstart, including physicians and naturopaths who have never heard about this approach. 

And unlike medications and supplements, brain retraining has no adverse side effects and doesn’t cost anything, aside from a little time. Since CFS has no underlying physical cause, brain retraining offers a more comprehensive and lasting solution.

There are various brain retraining techniques available, so you can definitely find one that works for you. Personalizing your recovery plan is essential since each person’s battle with CFS is unique. At the end of the day, it really doesn’t really matter which specific techniques you use – so long as you use them consistently. 

As his doctor always said, “success in recovery is always determined by how well you respond to symptoms.” Brain retraining provides the tools to respond positively. If you’re seeking more information and support, check out Miguel’s YouTube channel, CFS Recovery, where he shares his story and the stories of people from around the world who have Recovered from CFS, Long Covid, Fibromyalgia, Dysautonomia, and more. Let their stories inspire you to take the first step toward a Thriving life.

Why Ivory Smile Is the Place to Get Your Picture-Perfect Smile

A beautiful smile is a sign of confidence and can make a huge difference in one’s life. It’s also typically a sign of good oral health. But sadly, many have yet to experience the peace of mind that comes from having a set of healthy, attractive teeth. Ivory Smile is a dental hygiene company that provides top-quality dental services to help people achieve the perfect smile. Having served their customers for several years, they are a trusted name in the dental care industry.

Ivory Smile was founded by a team of highly skilled and experienced dental professionals who are dedicated to helping people of all ages achieve optimal dental health and a brighter smile. They offer comprehensive dental services, including teeth whitening, cleaning, and a wide range of easy-to-use products perfect for maintaining optimal dental health between visits.

One thing that sets Ivory Smile apart from other dental hygiene companies is its highly effective cleaning process. Using state-of-the-art technology and the latest dental techniques, their team of dental professionals can help you achieve a brighter, more radiant smile in just one visit. In addition, they can effectively treat stained or discolored teeth or provide general oral hygiene maintenance.

Besides in-office services, Ivory Smile also offers a range of easy-to-use products that are perfect for maintaining dental health. Their teeth whitening kits, specialized toothpaste, and mouthwash are designed to provide effective, long-lasting results, making it easy for you to keep your smile looking its best.

What really sets Ivory Smile apart, however, is its commitment to making dental hygiene accessible and affordable for everyone. They believe everyone deserves a beautiful, healthy smile, regardless of their budget or background. To this end, they offer a range of payment options and discounts to help make dental care more affordable for their clients.

If you’re a younger person between the ages of 15–35, Ivory Smile is the perfect choice for you. With their emphasis on making dental hygiene accessible to everyone, they’re the ideal choice for anyone who wants to take control of their oral health and their smile. Their easy-to-use products and comprehensive dental services make it easy for younger people to maintain their oral health and achieve a confident smile.

Oral health is crucial to overall health, and Ivory Smile’s commitment to affordable dental care makes it easier for people to access the care they need. They offer a range of payment options to ensure that top-notch dental care is within reach for everyone. Their team of dental professionals is highly skilled and dedicated to providing quality care to their clients.

Ivory Smile is a dental hygiene company that provides effective and easy-to-use dental services to help people achieve a confident smile. They use state-of-the-art technology and the latest dental techniques to deliver highly effective cleaning and whitening services. Their emphasis on affordable dental care and commitment to making dental hygiene accessible to everyone makes them the perfect partner in maintaining the best oral health. So if you’re looking for a dental hygiene company that genuinely cares about giving you the smile you want and deserve, contact Ivory Smile today.